Independent black media sustained the chitlin’ circuit from its earliest days to the present, and has preserved the circuit’s earliest documents.
Circuit business operatives thrived not just despite racial segregation but because of it, taking advantage of Jim Crow geography.
Women worked every angle of the circuit, as performers, club owners, and agency executives, and did so with every bit of gusto the men mustered.
Mobsters, gamblers, bootleggers, pimps and roustabouts
Rock was born on the road, not in a recording studio.